The major goal of turf fertilization is to produce attractive turf that is healthy, and able to withstand the rigors of its intended use. Fertilization is one of the most basic and important components of a turf management program. Regular lawn fertilization is one of the keys to maintaining a healthy, beautiful lawn. Grass needs three elemental nutrients to nourish and protect it. These nutrients are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Each lawn is different, and the ideal blend of these three nutrients will vary from lawn to lawn.
Turf fertilization contributes greatly to lawn color, density, uniformity, and growth. Properly fertilized grass can compete with weeds and is able recover from damage caused by environmental stresses faster than improperly fertilized lawns. When developing a turf fertilization program, we consider a number of factors including:
- Minor elements required for turf growth and development
- Natural soil fertility
- Fertilizer selection
- Turf/grass species, desired quality, and use
- Environmental and management conditions
- Application schedule